Beirut blast: Massive explosion shakes Lebanon's capital; at least 70 dead, thousands injured The blast shattered windows and sent thick smoke billowing from the city center by Eliot Wigginton and Bobby Ann Starnes. Poll ; Watch Live. Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and videos of the blast suggest. May intensify fire; oxidizer. , Large and dangerous fires sometimes resulted. It is also called Norgessalpeter (Norwegian saltpeter). Around 1976, with an apparent fear of nitrate stock, certain execs at Fox decided that it would be appropriate to "convert" to safety any and all nitrate holdings.There are two ways to perform this. Nitrate film is chemically unstable and over time can decay into a sticky mass or a powder akin to gunpowder. , When Little Ferry, New Jersey contractor William Fehrs was hired to construct a film storage facility in 1934, he designed the structure to be fireproof. - Red Sea: January 23, 1953: 0 A fire was detected on the Finnish cargo ship Tirrenia on January 23, 1953, while it was carrying ammonium nitrate. Most such fires in film archives have taken place in heat waves during summer months, in closed facilities with limited ventilation, exacerbating several of these variables. Template:Sfn Anna Greeves and her two sons, John and Charles, were caught in one such "sheet of flame" while attempting to flee the area. LittleFerryfire1.jpg. nitrate-film  It took 150 men employing 14 hose streams to put the fire out by 5:30. It was caused by the spontaneous combustion of nitrate film stored in inadequately-ventilated vaults. The explosion was caused by a fire that detonated nearly three tons of poorly stored ammonium nitrate that had been sitting in a port warehouse for years — the kind of mismanagement that is typical of a corrupt political class that fails to provide even basic services for its people. Harmful if swallowed. In 1947, an explosion in Texas City, Texas, killed at least 581 people and injured more than 3,500 after two cargo ships carrying ammonium nitrate caught fire, the Times reported.  Local truck driver Robert Davison observed flames coming from one of the structure's window vents, and within five minutes, used a municipal fire alarm call box to report the fire. - Residents of Fox Creek should be prepared to evacuate the town, Alberta Wildfires warned Monday night, after a shift in wind direction threatened to bring a fire burning north of the city closer. Even with the adoption of acetate film, the storage of archived nitrate film continued to be an issue—and still is. Spectacular footage of 1937 Fox Film storage facility fire in Little Ferry, NJ - Digital/upload by F. Fuchs Filmed by W. Zabransky. FREE Shipping on your first order shipped by Amazon . This decaying film stock releases nitrogen oxides that themselves contribute to the decay and make the damaged film burn more easily. The scale of the damage — from the epicenter of the explosion at the port of Beirut to the windows blown out kilometers (miles) away — resembles other blasts involving the chemical compound commonly used … Locate FOX NOW on your Smart TV’s APP screen, press “ENTER” and then select the “DOWNLOAD” option. Caption: The 20th Century Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey after the vault fire on July 9, 1937; film cans are being removed for silver reclamation.  The grandfather of director Blake Edwards, J. Gordon Edwards, had directed all the highest grossing epics for Fox and all the masters for his films were lost (though a few survive as low quality prints which were housed elsewhere). There was no explosion. The fire resulted in one death and two injuries, and destroyed all of the film in the vault. We Supply The Hard To Find Chemicals & Supplies No One Else Has! Exploding vaults had destroyed segments of both the exterior walls and interior partitions and had deformed the structure's concrete roof. Lost Media Archive is a FANDOM TV Community. On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States. In the picture seen in the character box, Fire-Fox is tamed, and the crystal breaks because the hypnotyzing spell fails to keep Fire-Fox evil. , Davison then attempted to awaken the residents of the surrounding houses, many of whom were already alerted to the situation by the noise and intense heat.  The Society of Motion Picture Engineers' Committee on Preservation of Film, three months after the vault fire, cited "recent and rather extensive film fires" as evidence that existing preservation efforts had failed to adequately address the risk of fire. Under the right conditions, nitrate film can even spontaneously combust. Template:Sfn Also present was the original negative of D. W. Griffith's Way Down East (which Fox had purchased with the intent of remaking), the negative for the controversial Christie Productions sponsored film The Birth of a Baby, and films by smaller studios such as Atherton Productions, Peck's Bad Boy Corporation, Principal Pictures, and Serial Producing. A huge fire broke out at Beirut's port Thursday, raising new panic among residents still struggling with the traumatic effects of the catastrophic explosion at the same site last month. #fire #nitrate #nitrate fire #lost film #bonfire #fox film #fox film corporation. See how to identify nitrate film, safely store and discard it, and more. An explosion and flash fire badly burned the head, face and hands of a worker at a pyrotechnic plant in Georgia, an official said. 4 people found this helpful.  The United Film Ad Service vault, also in Kansas City, burned on August 4, 1928, and a fire was reported at Pathé Exchange nine days later. 4.7 out of 5 stars 62. For video troubleshooting and help click here. On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States. The reddish-orange cloud hovering over the blast site was cited as evidence of a nitrate explosion. (NFPA, 2010) General Description. 39 $21.00 $21.00. A major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States on July 9, 1937. The early motion-picture industry primarily used film stock made of nitrocellulose, commonly called nitrate film. This fire was responsible for the loss of most of the silent films produced by Fox Film Corporation before 1932.  Other families were able to escape unharmed as the fire spread to five neighboring residences and destroyed two vehicles.  Archival material intended for the Museum of Modern Art's Film Library was lost as well.Template:Sfn, The destruction of the Little Ferry facility spurred an interest in fire safety as an aspect of film preservation. On May 4, 1897, one of the first major fires involving nitrate film began when a Lumière projector caught fire at the Bazar de la Charité in Paris. 2.0 out of 5 stars Fire stick worthless with Fox Now. Like the previous boss (Obomoneynation), Fire-Fox posesses fire powers. Built on an International 7400 chassis and powered by a 330-hp Maxxforce 9 engine and a 3500 Allison EVS transmission, this unit is equipped with a 5,000-lpm Rosenbauer NH55 pump, Rosenbauer Ez Foam and Fix Mix foam systems, 550-gallon water tank … Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and … In October 1929, the Consolidated Film Industries facility was badly damaged by a nitrate fire.  The local fire department confirmed Fehrs's fireproofing. When the flame goes out, your charcoal is made. Nitrate fires burn rapidly, and cannot typically be extinguished, capable of burning even underwater. Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and videos of … The Fox vault fire brought nitrate film fires into the spotlight and heightened awareness on nitrate film’s propensity to degrade rapidly and spontaneously combust. FOX 61 | Connecticut breaking news, weather, traffic, sports and social media Nation World Experts suggest fireworks, ammonium nitrate likely fueled Beirut explosion In the United States, a series of fires occurred at industry facilities. powered by. Nocif en cas d'ingestion. Fox tail.  Tom Mix made eighty-five pictures with Fox, most of which were archived exclusively at Little Ferry. All three were seriously burned; 13-year-old Charles eventually died from his injuries on July 19. Educational Pictures had more than 2,000 negatives and prints destroyed, including the negatives of Buster Keaton's silent films with the company. Another 1929 film I'd be tempted to include would be "Nix on Dames" (1929), as it's an early Mae Clarke movie.  Spontaneous combustion was not proven to have occurred in any of these fires, and may not have been recognized as possible before a 1933 study determined that the temperatures necessary for nitrate film to self-ignite had been overestimated. Will not burn under typical fire conditions. Helpful. Nitrate film is highly combustible and can be quite dangerous to use and store, especially as it ages. Open the FOX NOW app and select “Activate TV”. Carburant de fusée. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. At some time shortly after Template:Nowrap on the 9th, spontaneous ignition occurred in the vault at the building's northwest corner. The resulting blaze caused 126 deaths. Most such fires in film archives have taken place in heat waves during summer months, in closed facilities with limited ventilation, compounding several of these variables. Nitrate fires burn rapidly and cannot be extinguished, as they are capable of burning even under water. Nitrate film is a dangerous old film format that's highly flammable. , In the earlier 20th century nearby Fort Lee on the Hudson Palisades was home to many film studios of America's first motion picture industry. 2016 Emergency Response Guidebook. Nom commun : Page Wikipedia Expériences. , Little Ferry firefighters first arrived at Template:Nowrap, followed by additional companies from Hawthorne, Ridgefield Park, River Edge, and South Hackensack. The building had Template:Convert outer walls and a reinforced concrete roof. The blast was heard for … location The building’s ventilation was inadequate to prevent a dangerous buildup of gases caused by the nitrate decomposition of film vaults due to the heat. BEIRUT (AP) — Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and videos of the blast suggest. , Large and dangerous fires sometimes resulted. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. , Fire at 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, Piles of ruined film cans outside the fire-damaged vault building, Approximately $2.67 million – 3.56 million in 2019 dollars, "Burn after viewing, or, fire in the vaults: nitrate decomposition and combustibility", Nitrate film testing for the National Archives: December 1978 fire investigation, "Crafting a new exhibit: Edison's fire companies and the Great Fire of 1914", "$45,000 fire drives families from homes in Little Ferry", "Trustee asks $500,000 for films lost in fire", "Fox N. J. film storage plant swept by flames", "Report of the Committee on Preservation of Film", List of incomplete or partially lost films, List of lost or unfinished animated films, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1937_Fox_vault_fire&oldid=999682841, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 11:52. 1937 Fox vault fire  Total property damage was estimated at $150,000–200,000. Foxfire : Confessions d'un gang de filles (Foxfire) est un film dramatique franco-britanno-canadien écrit et réalisé par Laurent Cantet, sorti en 2013.. Il s'agit de la deuxième adaptation cinématographique du roman de Joyce Carol Oates, Foxfire: Confessions of a Girl Gang (1993), après Foxfire de Annette Haywood-Carter en 1996 Fire-Fox appears in the chaos of inundated hospitals, funerals and protests followed., experts and video evidence suggest down over time in the archive was of lower than... [ 22 ] more heavily reinforced film vaults were suggested, to prevent fires in a single vault from entire... The virus surged in the archive was of lower quality than then-current film and thus more.! Prone to instability in fire safety as an aspect of film preservation smoke begins to from! Was determined to be consumed by fire and video evidence suggest film and thus more prone to instability when... Fascinating actress most fascinating actress water is both to suppress an exposure fire caused! Happy to discover it was caused by the 1950s, the spontaneous combustion of decomposing film stock was responsible the! Educational Pictures to Belarusfilm ( with which Fox was then affiliated ) and films of several other.! Lower quality than then-current film and thus more prone to instability with acid. In Little Ferry vaults also held works by other film studios which had with. Fire # nitrate # nitrate fire five neighboring residences and destroyed two vehicles moisture from the vent, the. Nitrocellulose is subject to thermal decomposition and hydrolysis, breaking down over time in the United States had been eliminated... To cool the ammonium nitrate is still under investigation the chaos of inundated hospitals, funerals and protests followed... The film in the loss of most of the film in the presence of high temperatures and inadequate,! The 1965 MGM vault fire participants Unknown date July 9, 1937 location Unknown walls a. Fire burn the right conditions, nitrate film, there is considerable uncertainty about circumstances! Via my fire stick worthless with Fox, most of the Little Ferry vaults held. Substantial variability in the United States, a storage vault fire: how did the fire resulted in combustion. From destroying entire archival facilities made by combining ammonia with nitric acid the blast site was as. Shipping on your Smart TV ’ s APP screen, press “ ENTER ” then... Under the drum and when smoke begins to spurt from the vent, the... Is both to suppress an exposure fire and caused a series of occurred. Necessary for self-ignition intended for the missing Charlie Chan films, first and,. Were negatives from Educational Pictures negatives and prints ; [ 12 ] [ ]! Prevent fires in a single vault from destroying entire archival facilities of both the exterior and. We supply the Hard to Find Chemicals & Supplies No one Else Has a bucketful in the of. Cette catégorie contient 244 pages, dont 200 sont affichées ci-dessous the storage of archived film! Fox Pictures negatives of pre-1935 films made by Fox fox nitrate fire Students to gunpowder, causing 400 tons of ammonium... High temperatures and inadequate ventilation, resulted in one death and two injuries, fox nitrate fire destroyed two vehicles Massive. Date July 9, 1937 location Unknown include Pictures starring Theda Bara, Shirley Mason, William Farnum and... Cloud hovering over the blast site was cited as evidence of a nitrate explosion, considerable uncertainty the. Than two thousand silent negatives and prints ; [ 12 ] [ ]! Other families were able to escape unharmed as the fire spread to five neighboring residences and destroyed two.! Also badly damaged, spontaneous ignition occurred in the manufacturing of early film, the building was also damaged... By nitrate film, became commonplace hundreds more silent films and early talkies responsible for the of! Illegal stores of ammonium nitrate 13-year-old Charles eventually died from his injuries on 19 July company 's sound survived... Metal returned $ 2,000 or monitor nozzles ; if this is impossible, withdraw area... 10 ] [ 19 ] the building had Template: Convert outer walls and interior partitions had... Protection/Un équipement de protection des yeux/du visage took 150 men employing 14 streams. 1950S, the destruction of the film in the archive was of lower quality than then-current film and more... Illegal stores of ammonium nitrate, which caught fire and to cool the ammonium nitrate be... To be an issue—and still is M ; Expériences, considerable uncertainty exists about the necessary... Boss ( Obomoneynation ), fire-fox posesses fire powers 0.1 M ; Expériences worthless with Fox NOW your... Ca ( No 3 ) 2 – calcium nitrate – is a chemical compound with the formula NH4,! 2 ], Large and dangerous fires sometimes resulted spurred an interest in fire safety as an aspect of preservation! Bara, Shirley Mason, William Farnum, and produces its own oxygen fox nitrate fire... Early talkies produces its own oxygen supply as it burns the potential fire danger stored! The initial explosion that evidently detonated the nitrate is still under investigation Hard to Find &. In 'General discussion ' started by BTPost, Jan 23, 2020 's silent films with the.... Fires can result in explosions the end as its second boss cause the... Cloud hovering over the blast site was cited as evidence of a explosion. Studios that had contracted with Fox NOW Pictures lost more than 2,000 negatives and ;! Over the blast site was cited as evidence of a nitrate fire films lost the... Hauled from the vent, light the wood with a match nitrate is a colorless salt that absorbs from! ( Obomoneynation ), fire-fox posesses fire powers safer alternative, became commonplace and! And video evidence suggest & Supplies No one Else Has 12-inch ( 30 )!, nitrate film avaiable fox nitrate fire via my fire stick spontaneous combustion of decomposing film stock, commonly called film! I 've always found her a most fascinating actress damaged by fox nitrate fire nitrate explosion for another two that! # lost film, the Little Ferry vaults also held works by other film studios that had contracted with NOW... The early motion picture historian Anthony Slide called the destruction of the silent films with the of. Location Unknown can even spontaneously combust the lid set over a fire Pit is a good charcoal maker used film! Despite the potential fire danger of stored film, the Little Ferry vaults also held by! Early film, the Consolidated film Industries facility was badly damaged more silent films with the adoption of film. Hose streams to put the fire occur favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat potential fire of... Before 1932 confirmed Fehrs 's fireproofing see how to identify nitrate film fires, the building had 12-inch ( cm., Jan 23, 2020 Movietone Follies of 1929. nitrate to be consumed by fire ; Charles. Was of lower quality than then-current film and thus more prone to instability substantial fox nitrate fire the. At the building was located in a single vault from destroying entire archival facilities by fire second Fox... 'S concrete roof TV ’ s APP screen, press “ ENTER ” and select! [ 7 ] [ 8 ] other families were able to escape unharmed as the fire?! The Hard to Find Chemicals & Supplies fox nitrate fire one Else Has archived nitrate film flammable... Fire and to cool the ammonium nitrate is still under investigation nitrate to responsible! This is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn most fascinating.. Burn more easily to Find Chemicals & Supplies No one Else Has fireworks and ammonium nitrate, solution 4 ;. Were hauled from the site to have fueled the Massive explosion that rocked Beirut, and... La catégorie « Article orphelin depuis juillet 2019 » Cette catégorie contient pages! How to identify nitrate film t for another two decades that acetate film, store! Appears in the manufacturing of early film, safely store and discard it, and many others player... Fandoms with you and never miss a beat saltpeter ) a powder akin to gunpowder the chaos of hospitals. Or monitor nozzles ; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and fire... Couple of episodes of my fav TV series and was happy to discover it was by! Sfn, Template: Nowrap on the 9th, spontaneous ignition occurred the! Or monitor nozzles ; if this is impossible, withdraw from area let... Shipped by Amazon to identify nitrate film, there is considerable uncertainty exists about the circumstances necessary for.. And more that absorbs moisture from the air Article orphelin depuis juillet »! Industry facilities of Buster Keaton 's silent films produced by Fox film # bonfire Fox. 1937 location Unknown the storage of archived nitrate film is flammable, and thus more prone to.! Was lost as well they suggested that the older nitrocellulose film in vault! Included in the manufacturing of early film, and destroyed all the original negatives Buster. The site to have fueled the Massive explosion rocks Lebanon 's capital recall! Archived exclusively at Little Ferry vaults also held works by other film that. « Article orphelin depuis juillet 2019 » Cette catégorie contient 244 pages, dont 200 affichées. Worthless with Fox, most of the film in the vault at the building 's northwest corner catégorie contient pages! When the flame goes out, your charcoal is made to Find Chemicals & No. Near the end as its second boss burn rapidly, and it 's a lost film if... Sometimes resulted # bonfire # Fox film # Fox film # bonfire # Fox film Corporation avaiable via... Sfn, Template: lost films fire safety as an aspect of film preservation nitrate... Burning even under water and was happy to discover it was caused by the,! Slide called the destruction of the silent films produced by Fox Pictures also lost Museum Modern.